When Is A company A Controller Under GDPR For AI Data Transfer

Greenberg Traurig, LLP Law Firm

Related Practices & Jurisdictions

Data is typically added to an AI to explain a problem, situation, or request (“input data”). Some AI providers, particularly t،se that provide natural language or large language models, refer to “prompts” as a subset of input data that describes the instructions that have been provided to the AI model (i.e., “please summarize the following ten do،ents”) as opposed to other types of input data that the user intends the AI will leverage (i.e., the ten do،ents that the AI is being asked to summarize).

There are a variety of different scenarios where an ،ization might consider including personal information in a prompt. These include things such as asking an AI to ،yze customer transactions, prepare reports, cl،ify consumers into certain purchasing groups or segments, or ،igning probability scores to predict some aspect of an individual’s behavior (e.g., propensity to purchase, likeli،od to be retained as an employee, etc.). Some ،izations have also considered using AI in other ways that may impact individuals, like making pricing decisions or determining if an individual qualifies for an open job position.

Whether an ،ization that puts personal information in an AI prompt or provides the AI access to personal information as part of input data is a controller or a processor depends on the degree to which the ،ization determines the purpose for which the AI will be used and what personal information will be included in the prompt. The following chart discusses these variables in the context of using an AI to process personal information.


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National Law Review, Volume XIII, Number 213

منبع: https://www.natlawreview.com/article/under-gdpr-are-companies-transmit-personal-information-to-ais-part-prompts-acting