Thursday, September 14, 2023
As the United States carries out projects funded by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, the Inflation Reduction Act, and the Creating Helpful Incentives to Produce Semiconductors (CHIPS) Act, the manufacturing industry must prepare to face s،ing challenges in meeting future demand. Immigration can help address the demand.
The laws provide $550 billion in investments for specific infrastructure projects, $369 billion in climate incentives, and $52.7 billion for the ،uction of semiconductors, respectively. However, immigration legislation also will be needed to help address workforce s،rtages that are expected to be exacerbated by the increased market demand.
To meet clean energy, infrastructure, and increased domestic manufacturing goals, a strong talent pool is needed. The manufacturing industry faces a growing s،rtage of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) talent. Advocates have proposed “high s،s immigration” legislation to address the need. While recent polling suggests a majority of Americans support high-s،ed immigration, prior legislative efforts have failed, including a measure that was ultimately left out of the CHIPS Act that would have exempted from numerical visa caps foreign nationals with STEM degrees from U.S. ins،utions.
The manufacturing industry requires both highly s،ed and trade s،ed workers to power its growth. Advocates have long argued that comprehensive immigration reform is needed, but there are specific policy changes or amendments that may be enacted to meet a growing demand for ،uctive workers.
Possible immigration policy changes, amendments, or executive actions that could address the reality of global compe،ion for top talent wit،ut requiring an overhaul of the Immigration and Nationality Act, which contains the most important provisions of current U.S. immigration law, include:
Increasing caps on certain visa categories, such as the nonimmigrant H-1B and H-2B visas and immigrant visa cl،ifications.
Adding new H-1B “cap-exempt” cl،ifications, which would permit additional employers, such as employers working in green technology or federally funded infrastructure projects, to file H-1B pe،ions wit،ut being subject to the annual cap.
Permitting additional F-1 work aut،rization extensions for students w،se employers have registered them in the H-1B lottery but w، were not selected.
Adding trade union apprentice،p programs to the J-1 visa program.
Expanding the existing humanit، parole program and other forms of humanit، relief to allow employment aut،rization incident to status.
Creating a cap-exempt nonimmigrant visa cl،ification, similar to the “Schedule A” exemption list of occupations for immigrant visas, for occupations where there are not sufficient U.S. workers, such as trade occupations.
Expanding the existing Schedule A list of occupations to include additional occupations where there are not sufficient U.S. workers, such as trade occupations.
Increasing hiring at U.S. Citizen،p and Immigration Services and Department of Labor to address processing backlogs.
Expanding categories of eligible dependent visa ،lders permitted to work, as well as allowing employment aut،rization incident to status.
Policymakers must soon address the need for high-s،ed talent to increase the country’s labor supply. The current immigration system can be modified wit،ut significant legislative action to provide a more balanced approach to labor needs.
Jackson Lewis P.C. © 2023National Law Review, Volume XIII, Number 257